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Oyashiro-sama (オヤシロさま) is the guardian deity of Hinamizawa. Although Oyashiro-sama is best known for his Curse, it is later revealed that Oyashiro-sama is not actually a vengeful god, but a purple-haired spirit girl, who would never curse people and is horrified that her name is being used in connection to such terrible things.
The Legend of Oyashiro-sama Edit
According to legend, when Onigafuchi Village was attacked by demons from Onigafuchi Swamp, Oyashiro-sama descended from the heavens to stop them. The demons were subdued by Oyashiro-sama's power, and Oyashiro-sama ordered them to leave the village. But the demons had been banished from hell, and had nowhere to go. The villagers took pity on the demons, and offered to let the demons live with them. Oyashiro-sama was pleased, and granted the demons human form, so that they and the humans could coexist. Oyashiro-sama also stayed on earth to watch over them.
In reality, the 'demons' were people infected by Hinamizawa syndrome, and Oyashiro-sama was their 'queen.' The Furudes are said to be descended directly from Oyashiro-sama, and the 'queen' status was passed down the Furude line.
'Oyashiro-sama's Curse' is said to occur when Oyashiro-sama is angered. Oyashiro-sama's most well-known rules are “don't leave the village” and “don't enter the village.” There was also originally a rule about not being mistrustful, but this was a vaguer concept, and so it has been mostly forgotten by the time of the story.
In actuality, 'Oyashiro-sama's Curse' refers to the symptoms of Hinamizawa syndrome. Oyashiro-sama created the rules so that the symptoms of the syndrome wouldn't manifest in the villagers. In modern times, 'Oyashiro-sama's Curse' more often refers to the Series of Mysterious Deaths than Hinamizawa syndrome. However, even though they call it 'Oyashiro-sama's Curse,' most villagers actually believe that the Mysterious Deaths are being carried out by someone in the village, rather than Oyashiro-sama.
The Meaning of 'Oyashiro-sama' Edit
'Oyashiro' can simply mean 'honorable shrine (god)' (お社) but the more accepted meaning of 'Oyashiro-sama' seems to be that it means 'honorable eight generations,' (御八代) referring to the eight generations of first-born girls in a row in the Furude family needed for Oyashiro-sama to be 'reborn.'